( 1862) Apollo

(1932 HA )

Discovery Circumstances:

K. Reinmuth - Heidelberg-Konigstuhl

24 Apr 1932

(1)

Orbital Type:

AP

(*)( 2)( 3)( 4)( 5)( 6)( 7)( 8)

Taxonomic Type:

Q

( 9)(10)(11)(12)

Albedo:

0.26

(13)(14)(15)(16)

Diameter:(km)

1.4 km

(17)(18)(19)(20)

H:(mag)

16.384

(21)(22)

G:

0.24

(23)(24)

U-B:(mag)

0.43

(25)

B-V:(mag)

0.79

(25)

V-R:(mag)

-

-

R-I:(mag)

-

-

Rotation Period:(hrs)

3.065

(26)(27)(28)(29)(30)(31)(32)(33)(34)(35)(36)

Quality:

4BR !

(26)(27)(28)(29)(30)(31)(32)(33)(34)(35)(36)

Lightcurve Amplitude:(mag)

0.15-0.60

(26)(27)(28)(29)(30)(31)(32)(33)(34)(35)(36)

Spin Vector:

l= 48,b=-72

(37)(38)(39)

Sense of Rotation:

ret

(40)(41)(42)

Radar Observations:

Y

(43)(44)(45)(46)

Spectral Observations:

Y

(47)(48)(49)(50)(51)(52)

IR Observations:

-

-

Remarks

* - orbital type derived from osculating orbital elements

! - quality code according to Lagerkvist et al. (1989) in "Asteroids II" (Eds. R.P.Binzel et al.), Univ.Ariz.Press, Tucson, USA, pp. 1162-1179.

B - in rotation quality code means Binary asteroid

R - as rotation quality code means Radar observations

References

( 1) I.A.U.Circ. 370

(002) Milani, A. et al. (1989) Icarus 78, 212-269. (Dynamics of planet-crossing asteroids - Classes of orbital behavior - project Spaceguard)

(003) Kaasalainen, M. et al. (2007) DPS 39, 05.04. (Detecting YORP Effect with Photometry: (1862) Apollo)

(004) Durech, J. et al. (2008) Astron. Astrophys. 488, 345-350. (New photometric observations of asteroids (1862) Apollo and (25143) Itokawa - an analysis of YORP effect)

(005) Nugent, C.R. et al. (2012) Astron. J. 144, 60. (DETECTION OF SEMIMAJOR AXIS DRIFTS IN 54 NEAR-EARTH ASTEROIDS: NEW MEASUREMENTS OF THE YARKOVSKY EFFECT) (54 NEAs)

(006) Farnocchia, D. et al. (2012) DPS 44 305-02. (abstract) (Near Earth Asteroids with Measurable Yarkovsky Effect) (101955,1862,2100)

(007) Rozitis, B. et al. (2013) Astron. Astrophys. 555, A20. (A thermophysical analysis of the (1862) Apollo Yarkovsky and YORP effects)

(008) Ness, R.G. & J.P. Emery (2014) LPSC 45, 1430. (Thermal Inertia Estimates of Four Near-Earth Asteroids from Spitzer Space Telescope Spectral Observations)(1580,1620,1685,1862)

(009) Hartmann, W.K. et al. (1987) Icarus 69, 33-50. (The relationship of active comets, 'extinct' comets, and dark asteroids)

(010) Bus, S.J. & Binzel, R.P. (2002) Icarus 158,106-145. (Phase II of the Small Main-Belt Asteroid Spectrographic Survey: A Feature-Based Taxonomy.)

(011) Binzel, R.P. et al. (2004) Icarus 170, 259-294. (Observed spectral properties of near-Earth objects: results for population distribution, source regions, and space weathering processes.)

(012) DeMeo, F.E. et al. (2014) Icarus 227, 112-122. (Mars encounters cause fresh surfaces on some near-Earth asteroids) (contains taxonomic classification of 249 NEAs)

(013) Harris, A.W. (DLR) (1998) Icarus 131, 291-301. (A Thermal Model for Near-Earth Asteroids)

(014) Harris, A.W. (DLR) & J.S.V Lagerros (2002) in "Asteroids III" (Eds. W.F.Bottke et al.), Univ.Ariz.Press, Tucson, USA, pp. 205-218. (Asteroids in the thermal infrared)

(015) Lebofsky, L.A. et al. (1981) Icarus 48, 335-338. (The albedo and diameter of 1862 Apollo)

(016) Nugent, C.R. et al. (2015) Astrophys. J. 814_117 (13pp) (NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos)(201 NEOs)

(017) Harris, A.W. (DLR) & J.S.V Lagerros (2002) in "Asteroids III" (Eds. W.F.Bottke et al.), Univ.Ariz.Press, Tucson, USA, pp. 205-218. (Asteroids in the thermal infrared)

(018) Harris, A.W. (DLR) (1998) Icarus 131, 291-301. (A Thermal Model for Near-Earth Asteroids)

(019) Goldstein, R.M. (1981) Icarus 48, 59-61. (Radar observations of Apollo)

(020) Nugent, C.R. et al. (2015) Astrophys. J. 814_117 (13pp) (NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos)(201 NEOs)

(021) Pravec, P. et al. (2012) Icarus 221, 365-387 (Absolute magnitudes of asteroids and a revision of asteroid albedo estimates from WISE thermal observations)

(022) Harris, A.W. et al. (1987) Icarus 70, 246-256. (Photoelectric lightcurves of the asteroid 1862 Apollo)

(023) Pravec, P. et al. (2012) Icarus 221, 365-387 (Absolute magnitudes of asteroids and a revision of asteroid albedo estimates from WISE thermal observations)

(024) Harris, A.W. et al. (1987) Icarus 70, 246-256. (Photoelectric lightcurves of the asteroid 1862 Apollo)

(025) Hahn, G. (1983) in: Asteroids, comets, meteors; Uppsala Univ. Sweden pp. 35-44. (UBVRI and JHK photometry of the near-earth asteroid 1862 Apollo)

(026) Hahn, G. (1983) in: Asteroids, comets, meteors; Uppsala Univ. Sweden pp. 35-44. (UBVRI and JHK photometry of the near-earth asteroid 1862 Apollo)

(027) Harris, A.W. et al. (1987) Icarus 70, 246-256. (Photoelectric lightcurves of the asteroid 1862 Apollo)

(028) De Angelis, G. (1995) Planet. Space Sci. 43, 649-682. (Asteroid spin, pole and shape determinations) (..,1566,1686,1862,..)

(029) Harris, A.W. (DLR) (1998) Icarus 131, 291-301. (A Thermal Model for Near-Earth Asteroids)

(030) Petr Pravec's Ondrejov NEO Photometric Program Webpage "Prepublished Periods"

(031) Kaasalainen, M. et al. (2007) Nature 446, 420-422. (Acceleration of the rotation of asteroid 1862 Apollo by radiation torques)

(032) Krugly, Yu. N. et al. (2006) IAU Symp. 236, 385-390. (Kharkiv study of near-Earth asteroids) (1036,1627,1685,1862,1980,3103,3200,4179,6611,8567,11405,13553,23187,54509,66251,100085,1999LF6,2004XP14,2005AB,2006CV69,2006BQ6)

(033) Higgins D. (2008) MPB 35, 30-32. (ASTERIOD LIGHTCURVE ANALYSIS AT HUNTERS HILL OBSERVATORY AND COLLABORATING STATIONS: APRIL 2007 - JUNE 2007) (..,1685,1862,..)

(034) Polishook, D. (2012) MPB 39, 187-192. (LIGHTCURVES AND SPIN PERIODS OF NEAR-EARTH ASTEROIDS, THE WISE OBSERVATORY, 2005 - 2010) (1862,3361,5143,10115,40267,66251,68216,86829,105140,138893,141432,141495,152931,185851,2009UN3)

(035) Warner, B.D. (2014) MPB 41, 213-224. (NEAR-EARTH ASTEROID LIGHTCURVE ANALYSIS AT CS3-PALMER DIVIDE STATION: 2014 MARCH-JUNE) (38 NEA lightcurve data)

(036) Torppa, J. et al. (2008) Icarus 198, 91-107. (Asteroid shape and spin statistics from convex models) (1036,1580,1627,1862,1980,2100,3908,5587,6053)

(037) Durech, J. et al. (2008) Astron. Astrophys. 488, 345-350. (New photometric observations of asteroids (1862) Apollo and (25143) Itokawa - an analysis of YORP effect)

(038) Kaasalainen, M. et al. (2007) Nature 446, 420-422. (Acceleration of the rotation of asteroid 1862 Apollo by radiation torques)

(039) Harris, A.W. et al. (1987) Icarus 70, 246-256. (Photoelectric lightcurves of the asteroid 1862 Apollo)

(040) Durech, J. et al. (2008) Astron. Astrophys. 488, 345-350. (New photometric observations of asteroids (1862) Apollo and (25143) Itokawa - an analysis of YORP effect)

(041) Kaasalainen, M. et al. (2007) Nature 446, 420-422. (Acceleration of the rotation of asteroid 1862 Apollo by radiation torques)

(042) Harris, A.W. et al. (1987) Icarus 70, 246-256. (Photoelectric lightcurves of the asteroid 1862 Apollo)

(043) Goldstein, R.M. (1981) Icarus 48, 59-61. (Radar observations of Apollo)

(044) Ostro, S.J. et al. (1991) Astron. J. 102, 1490-1502. (Asteroid radar astrometry)

(045) Ostro, S.J. et al. (2002) Icarus 156, 580-583. (Radar Observations of Asteroid 1862 Apollo)

(046) Ostro, S.J. et al. (2005) I.A.U. Circ. 8627. (1862 Apollo) (Radar observations, binary detection)

(047) Binzel, R.P. et al. (2004) Icarus 170, 259-294. (Observed spectral properties of near-Earth objects: results for population distribution, source regions, and space weathering processes.)

(048) Fevig. R.A. and U. Fink (2007) Icarus 188, 175-188. (Spectral observations of 19 weathered and 23 fresh NEAs and their correlations with orbital parameters)(433,1036,1627,1685,1862,1866,1943,1980,3103,3122,3199,3671,4183,4341,4954,5587,5751,5836,6037,7358,7482,7753,7822,7977,8201,10563,11066,13651,13651,19356,20236,20255,35107,85490,J97GD32,J97UH9,J97US9,J98HE3,J98HT31,J98ME3,J98MS2,K04LC2)

(049) Binzel, R.P. et al. (2006) LPSC 37, 1491. (The MIT-Hawaii-IRTF joint campaign for NEO spectral reconnaissance.)

(050) Binzel, R.P. et al. Webpage

(051) deLeon, J. et al. (2010) Astron. Astrophys 517, A23. (Observations, compositional, and physical characterization of near-Earth and Mars-crosser asteroids from a spectroscopic survey)

(052) Sanchez, J.A. et al. (2012) Icarus 220, 36-50. (Phase reddening on near-Earth asteroids: Implications for mineralogical analysis, space weathering and taxonomic classification) (1036,1620,1627,1862,1980,4179,4954,6239,11398,25143,35107,66146)


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